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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. MongoDB vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. MongoDB vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.29
Rank#69  Overall
#11  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score457.22
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score9.38
Rank#43  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.mongodb.comrealm.io
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledocs.mongodb.com/­manualrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.MongoDB, IncRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release201220092014
Current release3.7.2.1, September 20204.4.3 , December 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptJavaScriptno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Sharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBMongoDBRealm
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
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Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
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Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
News

ArangoML Series: Multi-Model Collaboration
26 January 2021

State of the Art Preprocessing and Filtering with ArangoSearch
10 December 2020

ArangoML Series: Intro to NetworkX Adapter
17 November 2020

ArangoML Part 4: Detecting Covariate Shift in Datasets
5 November 2020

ArangoML Part 3: Bootstrapping and Bias Variance
24 October 2020

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

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ArangoDBMongoDBRealm
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