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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. MongoDB vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. MongoDB vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Vector DBMS infocurrently available in the MongoDB Atlas cloud service only
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.77
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score423.96
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score3.27
Rank#97  Overall
#16  Document stores
#6  Graph DBMS
#15  Key-value stores
Websitearangodb.comwww.mongodb.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.arangodb.comwww.mongodb.com/­docs/­manualwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.MongoDB, IncOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release201220092010
Current release3.11.5, November 20236.0.7, June 20233.2.29, March 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Cloud –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
Implementation languageC++C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Atlas SQL InterfaceSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
GraphQL
HTTP REST
Prisma
proprietary protocol using JSON
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptJavaScriptJava, Javascript
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Sharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptyesno infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual Consistency infocan be individually decided for each read operation
Immediate Consistency infodefault behaviour
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBMongoDBOrientDB
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
MongoDB provides an integrated suite of cloud database and data services to accelerate...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Built around the flexible document data model and unified API, MongoDB is a developer...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
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AI-enriched intelligent apps (Continental, Telefonica, Iron Mountain) Internet of...
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Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Hundreds of millions downloads, over 150,000+ Atlas clusters provisioned every month...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
ArangoDBMongoDBOrientDB
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Conferences, events and webinars

Intro to MongoDB
Webinar, 11am ET, 1 May 2024

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