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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureOpen source graph database
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.29
Rank#69  Overall
#11  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score457.22
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score53.79
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.mongodb.comneo4j.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledocs.mongodb.com/­manualneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.MongoDB, IncNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release201220092007
Current release3.7.2.1, September 20204.4.3 , December 20204.2.2, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
Implementation languageC++C++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
proprietary protocol using JSONBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Sharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users and rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBMongoDBNeo4j
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

State of the Art Preprocessing and Filtering with ArangoSearch
10 December 2020

ArangoML Series: Intro to NetworkX Adapter
17 November 2020

ArangoML Part 4: Detecting Covariate Shift in Datasets
5 November 2020

ArangoML Part 3: Bootstrapping and Bias Variance
24 October 2020

ArangoML Part 2: Basic Arangopipe Workflow
9 October 2020

Driving Innovation and Powering Advanced Analytics with Neo4j
20 January 2021

Top 10 Graph Database Use Cases: Fraud Detection
18 January 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Drawing graphs with Arrows.app, GraphSAGE, Parsing & Importing XML
16 January 2021

Mapping IoT to the Graph: 5-Minute Interview with Per Gyllstrom
15 January 2021

Announcing New Introduction to Neo4j 4.x Online Training Courses!
12 January 2021

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ArangoDBMongoDBNeo4j
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