DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Milvus vs. NebulaGraph
System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Milvus vs. NebulaGraph
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||ArangoDB Xexclude from comparison||Milvus Xexclude from comparison||NebulaGraph Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Native multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.||A DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches||A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS|
|Primary database model||Document store|
|Vector DBMS||Graph DBMS|
|Social network pages|
|Developer||ArangoDB Inc.||Vesoft Inc.|
|Current release||184.108.40.206, March 2023||2.2, November 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) available||Open Source Apache Version 2.0||Open Source Apache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|ArangoDB Cloud –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.||Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus|
|Implementation language||C++||C++, Go||C++|
|Server operating systems||Linux|
macOS 10.14 or later
Windows with WSL 2 enabled
|Data scheme||schema-free automatically recognizes schema within a collection||Strong typed schema|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes string, double, boolean, list, hash||Vector, Numeric and String||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||no|
|Secondary indexes||yes||no||yes Nebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||no||SQL-like query language|
|APIs and other access methods||AQL|
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
|RESTful HTTP API||Browser interface|
Cypher Query Language
GO Object Graph Mapper
Java Object Graph Mapper
NGBatis ORM framework for NebulaGraph and Spring-Boot
Proprietary native API
Python Object Graph Mapper
Query language nGQL
|Supported programming languages||C#|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding since version 2.0||Sharding||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication with configurable replication factor||Causal Clustering using Raft protocol|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Eventual Consistency configurable per collection or per write|
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes relationships in graphs||no||yes Relationships in graphs|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||no||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes using RocksDB|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes|
|User concepts Access control||yes||Role based access control and fine grained access rights||Role-based access control|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||Graph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...|
|Milvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...|
|NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...|
|Competitive advantages||Consolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...|
|Highly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...|
|NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...|
|Typical application scenarios||Native multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...|
|Video media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...|
|Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...|
|Key customers||Cisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...|
|Milvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...|
|Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...|
|Market metrics||ArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...|
|As of February 2023, 20k+ GitHub stars 2M+ downloads and installations 1000+ enterprise...|
|At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 8,200 stars and thousands...|
|Licensing and pricing models||Very permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...|
|Milvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...|
|NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.|
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