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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.73
Rank#75  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score981.95
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score53.81
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.MicrosoftSAP
Initial release201219892010
Current release3.7.9, March 2021SQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, R
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
News

Inside the Avocado Grove: From Canada to Germany and the Digital Marketing of Avocados
25 June 2021

Word Embeddings in ArangoDB
25 June 2021

June 2021: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
25 June 2021

Introducing Developer Deployments on ArangoDB Oasis
8 June 2021

ArangoBnB: Data Preparation Case Study
1 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ArangoDBMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANA
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Recent citations in the news

Global Graph Database Market SWOT Analysis, Key Indicators, Forecast 2027 : Oracle, International Business Machines Corporation – The Manomet Current
26 July 2021, The Manomet Current

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25 July 2021, The Manomet Current

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