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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA multi-model DBMSMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.02
Rank#64  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score1081.91
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score491.07
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperArangoDB GmbH / triagens GmbHMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201219891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.5.0, August 2019SQL Server 2019, November 201912.0, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis: Built and supported by the creators of ArangoDB, Oasis provides fully hosted, managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security.
  • EDB Postgres Cloud Database Service: Postgres cloud database service on AWS with Superuser Access, Unlimited Extensions, Higher Scalability, More Tuning Power and Oracle Compatibility. Try free!
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaScriptC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Raspbian
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JSON style queries
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQL
News

How we built our managed service on Kubernetes
25 October 2019

ArangoDB Hot Backup – Creating consistent cluster-wide snapshots
9 October 2019

ArangoML Pipeline – A Common Metadata Layer for Machine Learning Pipelines
25 September 2019

libgcc: When exceptions collide
19 September 2019

Multi-Model Database ArangoDB 3.5 released – Distributed Joins, Streaming Transactions, extended GraphDB & Search Capabilities
19 August 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ArangoDBMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQL
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