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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.21
Rank#61  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score31.51
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score8.23
Rank#46  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.arangodb.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbrealm.io
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.MicrosoftRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release201220142014
Current release3.6, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availablecommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptJavaScriptno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
TriggersnoJavaScriptyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication with configurable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptwith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelyes
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRealm
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
News

Massive Inserts into ArangoDB With NodeJS
9 January 2020

What’s new in ArangoDB 3.6: OneShard Deployments and Performance Improvements
8 January 2020

Release Candidate 2 of the ArangoDB 3.6 available for testing
23 December 2019

ArangoDB and the Cloud Native Ecosystem
20 November 2019

Say Hi To ArangoDB Oasis: A Fully-Managed Multi-Model Database Service
14 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ArangoDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRealm
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

ArangoDB boosts multi-model database performance with release of ArangoDB 3.6
9 January 2020, SDTimes.com

ArangoDB 3.6 accelerates performance of multi-model database
10 January 2020, TechTarget

Looking to Improve Database Performance – Check Out ArangoDB 3.6 Update That Delivers Major Performance Improvements
8 January 2020, Toolbox

Four Companies Offering Multimodel Database Management System Technology Named IDC Innovators
9 January 2020, Business Wire

Real-time Analytics News Roundup for Week Ending January 11
12 January 2020, RTInsights

provided by Google News

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

Ctrl + S (App Center Data) | Partly Cloudy - Microsoft
8 January 2020, Channel 9

Azure Cosmos DB gets built-in Jupyter notebooks support
1 October 2019, DevClass

Get to know Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB use cases
11 November 2019, TechTarget

Graphical Tools for Accessing Azure Cosmos DB
15 July 2019, Database Journal

provided by Google News

Realm Makes PostgreSQL Real-Time with New Connector
21 March 2017, Database Trends and Applications

Realm Receives Investment from Ericsson Ventures to Advance Development of Edge Computing Solutions
21 September 2017, Business Wire

Realm Empowers Mobile Developers to Tap Into Serverless Development to Build Collaborative and Realtime Experiences
23 May 2017, Business Wire

Kotlin Programming Language Will Surpass Java On Android Next Year
15 October 2017, Fossbytes

Box Introduces the Box File Collaboration API
24 December 2016, ProgrammableWeb

provided by Google News

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