DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Memgraph vs. Virtuoso
System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Memgraph vs. Virtuoso
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
|ArangoDB Xexclude from comparison
|Memgraph Xexclude from comparison
|Virtuoso Xexclude from comparison
|Native multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.
|An open source graph database built for real-time streaming and compatible with Neo4j
|Virtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
|Primary database model
Native XML DBMS
|Secondary database models
|Social network pages
|3.11.5, November 2023
|7.2.11, September 2023
|License Commercial or Open Source
|Open Source Apache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) available
|commercial Free license available
|Open Source GPLv2, extended commercial license available
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|ArangoDB Cloud –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
|C and C++
|Server operating systems
|schema-free automatically recognizes schema within a collection
|schema-free and schema-optional
|yes SQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date
|yes string, double, boolean, list, hash
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.
|SQL Support of SQL
|yes SQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
|APIs and other access methods
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
Cypher query language
Jena RDF API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
|Supported programming languages
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures
|yes Virtuoso PL
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes
|Sharding since version 2.0
|Sharding dynamic graph partitioning
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes
|Source-replica replication with configurable replication factor
|Multi-source replication using RAFT
|Chain, star, and bi-directional replication
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system
|Eventual Consistency configurable per collection or per write
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
|Foreign keys Referential integrity
|yes relationships in graphs
|yes relationships in graphs
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data
|ACID with snapshot isolation
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data
|yes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
|Durability Support for making data persistent
|yes with periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changes
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.
|User concepts Access control
|Users, roles and permissions
|Fine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
|More information provided by the system vendor
|Graph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
|Memgraph directly connects to your streaming infrastructure so you and your team...
|Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
|Consolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
|Business Source License ensures a future for the Memgraph community MAGE algorithm...
|Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
|Typical application scenarios
|Native multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
|Graph algorithms in bioinformatics Social network analysis Cryptocurrency network...
|Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
|Cisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
|Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
|ArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
|Largest installed-base of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
|Licensing and pricing models
|Very permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
|You can check out our pricing model and licenses on the company website .
|Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
Related products and services
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|DB-Engines blog posts
The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
|Recent citations in the news
ArangoGraphML: Simplifying the Power of Graph Machine Learning
10 Lesser-Known Databases. Discover Hidden Gems | by Abnoan Muniz
ArangoDB brings yet more money into graph database market with $27.8M round
ArangoDB + Intel: Accelerating GraphML with Advanced Processing Technologies
provided by Google News
Graph database company Memgraph raises $9.34M
Memgraph Launches Streaming Graph Algorithms to the Masses; Announces $9.34MM Seed Funding Led by ...
Modeling and Navigating a Transportation Network with Memgraph
provided by Google News
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