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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. MariaDB vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. MariaDB vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.21
Rank#61  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score87.45
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score8.23
Rank#46  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.arangodb.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
realm.io
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablemariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Realm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release201220092014
Current release3.6, January 202010.4.11, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnoyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Horizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication with configurable replication factorMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBMariaDBRealm
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
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Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
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High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
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Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
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Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
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Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
News

Massive Inserts into ArangoDB With NodeJS
9 January 2020

What’s new in ArangoDB 3.6: OneShard Deployments and Performance Improvements
8 January 2020

Release Candidate 2 of the ArangoDB 3.6 available for testing
23 December 2019

ArangoDB and the Cloud Native Ecosystem
20 November 2019

Say Hi To ArangoDB Oasis: A Fully-Managed Multi-Model Database Service
14 November 2019

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ArangoDBMariaDBRealm
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
29 August 2017, Luca Olivari (guest author)

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5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

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2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

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MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

ArangoDB boosts multi-model database performance with release of ArangoDB 3.6
9 January 2020, SDTimes.com

ArangoDB 3.6 accelerates performance of multi-model database
10 January 2020, TechTarget

Graph Database Market 2019 Latest Analysis – triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley – Dagoretti News
24 January 2020, Dagoretti News

Looking to Improve Database Performance – Check Out ArangoDB 3.6 Update That Delivers Major Performance Improvements
8 January 2020, Toolbox

Four Companies Offering Multimodel Database Management System Technology Named IDC Innovators
9 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

MariaDB Announces Cloud Native Open Source DB
20 January 2020, iProgrammer

MariaDB takes next step to erase line between transactions and analytics
14 January 2020, SiliconANGLE

MariaDB Platform X4 Enables Modern Apps Using Smart Transactions and Cloud-Native Data Storage
15 January 2020, Database Trends and Applications

MariaDB goes bigly on cloud-native smart apps
17 January 2020, ComputerWeekly.com

MariaDB X4 brings smart transactions to open source database
16 January 2020, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Realm Makes PostgreSQL Real-Time with New Connector
21 March 2017, Database Trends and Applications

Realm Receives Investment from Ericsson Ventures to Advance Development of Edge Computing Solutions
21 September 2017, Business Wire

Realm Empowers Mobile Developers to Tap Into Serverless Development to Build Collaborative and Realtime Experiences
23 May 2017, Business Wire

Kotlin Programming Language Will Surpass Java On Android Next Year
15 October 2017, Fossbytes

Box Introduces the Box File Collaboration API
24 December 2016, ProgrammableWeb

provided by Google News

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