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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. JanusGraph vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. JanusGraph vs. NebulaGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.A Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.77
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score1.91
Rank#135  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Score2.12
Rank#125  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Websitearangodb.comjanusgraph.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
www.nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationdocs.arangodb.comdocs.janusgraph.orgdocs.nebula-graph.io
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Linux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusVesoft Inc.
Initial release201220172019
Current release3.11.5, November 20230.6.3, February 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Cloud –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++JavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyesStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Browser interface
console (shell)
Cypher Query Language
GO Object Graph Mapper
Java Object Graph Mapper
NGBatis infoORM framework for NebulaGraph and Spring-Boot
Proprietary native API
Python Object Graph Mapper
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
Clojure
Java
Python
.Net
C++
Go
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyesuser defined functions
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0yes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factoryesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Companies from a variety of industries have implemented NebulaGraph Database in production,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 10,000 stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
» more

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More resources
ArangoDBJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanNebulaGraph
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