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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. HarperDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. HarperDB vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonHarperDB  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.A DBMS for IoT projects, analytical and transactional use cases , runnable on IoT devices and in the cloud, in distributed and replicated environmentsVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document storeGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.73
Rank#62  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#9  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score0.27
Rank#262  Overall
#35  Document stores
Score2.65
Rank#105  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#51  Relational DBMS
#3  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.harperdb.iovirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledocs.harperdb.iodocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.HarperDBOpenLink Software
Initial release201220171998
Current release3.6.0, January 20208.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availablecommercial infofree community edition availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++Node.jsC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectiondynamic schemayes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes infoJSON data typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like data manipulation statementsyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0A table resides as a whole on one (or more) nodes in a clusteryes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factoryes infothe nodes on which a table resides can be definedChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic execution of specific operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, using LMDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users and rolesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBHarperDBVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

ArangoDB Assembles 10,000 GitHub Stargazers
20 July 2020

A Deep And Fuzzy Dive Into Search
16 July 2020

Do Graph Databases Scale? Yes? No? Let’s see!
13 July 2020

ArangoDB 3.7 BETA – Graph & Search Engine Upgrades
8 June 2020

Red Hat Certifies ArangoDB Kubernetes Operator
28 May 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ArangoDBHarperDBVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
29 August 2017, Luca Olivari (guest author)

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