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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. H2 vs. HarperDB

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. H2 vs. HarperDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonHarperDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Ultra-low latency distributed database with an intuitive REST API supporting NoSQL and SQL (including joins). Deployment of functions and databases simultaneously with a consolidated node-level architecture.
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.29
Rank#79  Overall
#14  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score8.46
Rank#53  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.56
Rank#267  Overall
#39  Document stores
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.h2database.comharperdb.io
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablewww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlharperdb.io/­developers/­documentation/­overview
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Thomas MuellerHarperDB
Initial release201220052017
Current release3.9.3, September 20222.1.210, January 20223.1, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial infofree community edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++JavaNode.js
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyesdynamic schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes infoJSON data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like data manipulation statements
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
React Hooks
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
Java.Net
C
C#
C++
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
MatLab
Objective C
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsCustom Functions infosince release 3.1
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0noneA table resides as a whole on one (or more) nodes in a cluster
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes infothe nodes on which a table resides can be defined
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic execution of specific operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, using LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBH2HarperDB
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
HarperDB is the first distributed database with hybrid SQL & NoSQL functionality...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
By combining the functionality of the best SQL, NoSQL, and NewSQL products on the...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Use cases where HarperDB is a better fit than other solutions include: Rapid app...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
A few highlighted customers include: US Army, US Airforce, Chelan PUD, TATA, & Lumen....
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Over 94K total HarperDB users : 16,500+ npm downloads 73,600+ on Docker Hub 4,200+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
HarperDB follows a freemium/premium model . A data base is only as powerful as it...
» more
News

Why Should You Care About SOC 2?
2 February 2023

January 2023: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
13 January 2023

December 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
15 December 2022

October 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
2 November 2022

August 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
19 August 2022

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ArangoDBH2HarperDB
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
29 August 2017, Luca Olivari (guest author)

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