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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. GraphDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. GraphDB vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.85
Rank#59  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#9  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score1.32
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score2.44
Rank#106  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#50  Relational DBMS
#3  RDF stores
#10  Search engines
Websitewww.arangodb.comgraphdb.ontotext.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablegraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.OntotextOpenLink Software
Initial release201220001998
Current release3.6.0, January 20208.8, January 20198.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++JavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languageyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptJava Server Pluginyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0noneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication with configurable replication factorMaster-master replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoConstraint checkingyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesyesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

ArangoDB 3.7 BETA – Graph & Search Engine Upgrades
8 June 2020

Red Hat Certifies ArangoDB Kubernetes Operator
28 May 2020

Best Practices for AQL Graph Queries
27 May 2020

An Open-Source Petri Dish-As-Code
5 May 2020

Azure now GA on ArangoDB Oasis
29 April 2020

Star Wars: Knowledge Graph Federation
24 June 2020

Computer Vision Technology for Boosting Retailers’ Marketing & Product Management  
18 June 2020

If Curiosity Cabinets Were Knowledge Graphs
4 June 2020

On the Hunt for Patterns: from Hippocrates to Supercomputers
18 May 2020

Knowledge Graph Conference 2020 Recap: Knowledge Graphs Are Getting Into the Limelight
15 May 2020

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ArangoDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
29 August 2017, Luca Olivari (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
Webinar, 5 pm CEST / 12 pm EDT / 6 pm EEST, 14 May 2020 (finished)

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