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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. etcd vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. PostgreSQL vs. SingleStore

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. etcd vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. PostgreSQL vs. SingleStore

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.A distributed reliable key-value storeCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Key-value storeDocument storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.75
Rank#76  Overall
#11  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#9  Search engines
Score10.96
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score8.64
Rank#52  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score608.21
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score6.51
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.cometcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
firebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.postgresql.orgwww.singlestore.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stableetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
firebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorewww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.singlestore.com
Social network pagesFacebookLinkedInTwitterInstagramYouTube
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.GooglePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSingleStore Inc.
Initial release201220171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2013
Current release3.7.9, March 20213.4, August 201914.1, November 20217.3, December 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infofree developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, most capable cloud database for operational analytics, machine learning, & AI. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities.
Implementation languageC++GoCC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux info64 bit version required
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes, but no triggers and foreign keys
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
gRPC
JSON over HTTP
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnoyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersnoyes, watching key changesyes, with Cloud Functionsyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Shardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnoUsing Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency only within each node
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoyesACIDACID infoOnly isolation level: READ COMMITED
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBetcdGoogle Cloud FirestorePostgreSQLSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
SingleStore is The No Limits Database™, powering modern applications and analytical...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Performance - Shattering the Trillion-Rows-Per-Second Barrier Fast data ingest -...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Real-Time Analytics Internet of Things Personalization and Recommendations Risk Management...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Comcast - Real-time Stream Processing Architecture DellEMC - Getting it Right Exactly...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Customers in various industries worldwide -- US and International Industry Solutions:...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
F ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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