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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.45
Rank#78  Overall
#11  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#9  Search engines
Score8.37
Rank#53  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score586.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorewww.postgresql.org/­docs
Social network pagesFacebookLinkedInTwitterInstagramYouTube
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.GooglePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201220171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.7.9, March 202114.0, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availablecommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes, with Cloud Functionsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Shardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptUsing Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBGoogle Cloud FirestorePostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
News

Announcing ArangoDB Series B Funding
6 October 2021

September 2021: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
5 October 2021

ArangoDB Dev Days are Here!
16 September 2021

August 2021: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
31 August 2021

ArangoSync: A Recipe for Reliability
18 August 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ArangoDBGoogle Cloud FirestorePostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
29 August 2017, Luca Olivari (guest author)

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Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

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The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

ArangoDB Dev Days 2021
Virtual developer conference., 18-22 October 2021

PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
On Demand Webinar, 21 October 2021

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Finished events

Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
On Demand Webinar, 14 October 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Open source graph database company ArangoDB raises $27.8M
6 October 2021, VentureBeat

ArangoDB brings yet more money into graph database market with $27.8M round
6 October 2021, SiliconANGLE News

ArangoDB Strengthens Executive Team with New Chief Revenue Officer and Chief Technology Officer
5 October 2021, PR Web

Global Valuation of Graph Database Market Size & Share Will Reach USD 4,500 Million By 2026: Facts & Factors
7 October 2021, Yahoo Finance

Global Graph Database Market Expected To Reach Highest CAGR By 2026: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j etc. – Puck77
19 October 2021, Puck77

provided by Google News

Elastic Announces Expanded Integrations with Google Cloud
12 October 2021, Business Wire

Google Cloud Next: Meeting the enterprise where it lives
18 October 2021, ZDNet

Elastic Announces Expanded Integrations with Google Cloud - Latest Digital Transformation Trends | Cloud News
12 October 2021, Wire19

Google Launches New Data Protection Offerings
21 September 2021, Data & Storage Asean

An easier way to Flutter? Custom functions improve visual code builder but devs may still be frustrated
22 September 2021, The Register

provided by Google News

Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
13 October 2021, The Next Platform

PostgreSQL 14 improves open source database performance
30 September 2021, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 14 brings performance boosts
1 October 2021, InfoWorld

Open-source veteran PostgreSQL emits release 14: Tweaked, scalable, and ready to get heavy
1 October 2021, The Register

PostgreSQL 14 is here - what should you look out for?
14 October 2021, JAXenter

provided by Google News

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