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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. VelocityDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Open source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.73
Rank#62  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#9  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score7.82
Rank#50  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score50.18
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.36
Rank#144  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.08
Rank#300  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
#16  Object oriented DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoreneo4j.comwww.stardog.comvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoreneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docsvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.GoogleNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-UnionVelocityDB Inc
Initial release20122017200720102011
Current release3.6.0, January 20204.1.1, July 20207.3.0, May 20207.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaJavaC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
.Net
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersnoyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlersCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0ShardingnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptUsing Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and rolesBased on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBGoogle Cloud FirestoreNeo4jStardogVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

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28 May 2020

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1 August 2020

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More resources
ArangoDBGoogle Cloud FirestoreNeo4jStardogVelocityDB
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