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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.79
Rank#75  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score8.10
Rank#54  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score38.52
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.arangodb.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoreazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoredocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.GoogleMicrosoft
Initial release201220172014
Current release3.7.9, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud FunctionsJavaScript
Triggersnoyes, with Cloud FunctionsJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0ShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptUsing Cloud Dataflowwith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Access rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBGoogle Cloud FirestoreMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
News

ArangoDB Dev Days are Here!
16 September 2021

August 2021: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
31 August 2021

ArangoSync: A Recipe for Reliability
18 August 2021

A Comprehensive Case-Study of GraphSage using PyTorchGeometric and Open-Graph-Benchmark
13 August 2021

Community Notebook Challenge
13 August 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ArangoDBGoogle Cloud FirestoreMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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