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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Search engineDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.21
Rank#61  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score151.44
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score8.23
Rank#46  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchrealm.io
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablewww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.ElasticRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release201220102014
Current release3.6, January 20207.3.0, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication with configurable replication factoryesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlyesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBElasticsearchRealm
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Elasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Open source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
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Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more

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Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more

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Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
More than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
The Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
News

Massive Inserts into ArangoDB With NodeJS
9 January 2020

What’s new in ArangoDB 3.6: OneShard Deployments and Performance Improvements
8 January 2020

Release Candidate 2 of the ArangoDB 3.6 available for testing
23 December 2019

ArangoDB and the Cloud Native Ecosystem
20 November 2019

Say Hi To ArangoDB Oasis: A Fully-Managed Multi-Model Database Service
14 November 2019

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Elastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ArangoDBElasticsearchRealm
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Recent citations in the news

ArangoDB boosts multi-model database performance with release of ArangoDB 3.6
9 January 2020, SDTimes.com

ArangoDB 3.6 accelerates performance of multi-model database
10 January 2020, TechTarget

Looking to Improve Database Performance – Check Out ArangoDB 3.6 Update That Delivers Major Performance Improvements
8 January 2020, Toolbox

Four Companies Offering Multimodel Database Management System Technology Named IDC Innovators
9 January 2020, Business Wire

Real-time Analytics News Roundup for Week Ending January 11
12 January 2020, RTInsights

provided by Google News

Elastic Delivers Native Kubernetes Integration For Elasticsearch
16 January 2020, CRN: Technology news for channel partners and solution providers

Elasticsearch Database Leaks 100 GB Data of Peekaboo Moments App
14 January 2020, CISO MAG

Elastic Cloud on Kubernetes (ECK) 1.0 Is Now Generally Available
15 January 2020, Valdosta Daily Times

Wyze Exposes User Data via Unsecured ElasticSearch Cluster
29 December 2019, BleepingComputer

Elastic Cloud on Kubernetes 1.0 is now available
16 January 2020, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

Realm Makes PostgreSQL Real-Time with New Connector
21 March 2017, Database Trends and Applications

Realm Receives Investment from Ericsson Ventures to Advance Development of Edge Computing Solutions
21 September 2017, Business Wire

Realm Empowers Mobile Developers to Tap Into Serverless Development to Build Collaborative and Realtime Experiences
23 May 2017, Business Wire

Kotlin Programming Language Will Surpass Java On Android Next Year
15 October 2017, Fossbytes

Box Introduces the Box File Collaboration API
24 December 2016, ProgrammableWeb

provided by Google News

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