DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.MySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.26
Rank#80  Overall
#11  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score0.28
Rank#274  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#169  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score577.05
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.commemgraph.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledocs.memgraph.comdocs.nebula-graph.iowww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Drizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMemgraph LtdVesoft Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20122008201720191989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.7.9, March 20217.2.4, September 201213.3, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C++C and C++C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyesschema-free and schema-optionalStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
JDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
C
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnono infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0ShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPUsers, roles and permissionsRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBDrizzleMemgraphNebula GraphPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Introducing ArangoDB 3.8 – Graph Analytics at Scale
29 July 2021

Entity Resolution in ArangoDB
27 July 2021

Inside the Avocado Grove: From Canada to Germany and the Digital Marketing of Avocados
25 June 2021

Word Embeddings in ArangoDB
25 June 2021

June 2021: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
25 June 2021

Practicing Nebula Operator on Cloud
21 July 2021

BDD-Based Integration Testing Framework for Nebula Graph: Part II
15 July 2021

Understanding Subgraph in Nebula Graph 2.0
8 July 2021

Validating Import Performance of Nebula Importer
1 July 2021

Full-Text Indexing in Nebula Graph 2.0
25 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesEDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ArangoDBDrizzleMemgraphNebula GraphPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
29 August 2017, Luca Olivari (guest author)

show all

MySQL won the April ranking; did its forks follow?
1 April 2015, Paul Andlinger

Has MySQL finally lost its mojo?
1 July 2013, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

ArangoDB Supports Analytics at Scale with Release of ArangoDB 3.8
29 July 2021, PR Web

Graph Database Market Aims to Expand at Double-Digit Growth Rate Covid-19 Analysis | Oracle Corporation (US), IBM Corporation (US), Amazon Web Services, Inc. (US) – The Manomet Current
2 August 2021, The Manomet Current

Document Databases Software Market Size 2021 is Booming Worldwide| MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic – The Manomet Current
20 July 2021, The Manomet Current

Graph Database Market worth $5.1 billion by 2026 - Exclusive Report by MarketsandMarkets™
30 July 2021, PRNewswire

Graph, machine learning, hype, and beyond: ArangoDB open source multi-model database releases version 3.7
27 August 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Graph Database Market Bourgeoning CAGR by 2028 with Key Players – Objectivity, Memgraph, Blazegraph. – The Manomet Current
7 July 2021, The Manomet Current

Global Graph Database Market Expected To Reach Highest CAGR By 2026: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j etc. – Domestic Violence
30 July 2021, Domestic Violence

Graph Databases: Global Market Analysis & Outlook 2018-2027 - Rapid Usage of Virtualization for Big Data Analytics is a Major Driver - ResearchAndMarkets.com
2 August 2018, Business Wire

Graph Database Market Bring Opportunities To Grow In Future – Domestic Violence
1 August 2021, Domestic Violence

2 Croatian Companies Make Top 50 Innovators in Europe
22 November 2017, Croatia Week

provided by Google News

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

The future of graph database: vesoft unveils Nebula Graph 2.0 GA
24 March 2021, PR Web

Nebula Graph open sources Nebula Operator, embraces cloud native April 29, 2021Nebula Graph releases its
29 April 2021, PR Web

Nebula Graph™ Database Secures $10 Million VC Funding in New Round
15 December 2020, PR Web

provided by Google News

Yugabyte CTO outlines a PostgreSQL path to distributed cloud
26 July 2021, VentureBeat

Rockset Enables Real-Time Analytics for MySQL and PostgreSQL
29 July 2021, Database Trends and Applications

"PostgreSQL has reached every part of industry and every part of government"
5 July 2021, JAXenter

Next Generation Crunchy Postgres for Kubernetes Released
7 July 2021, Johnson City Press (subscription)

Steps for Installing Postgresql in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS - Linux Shout
16 July 2021, H2S Media

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

DevOps Engineer
MetaCX Talent Community, Indiana

Full Stack Developer (U.S Citizens Only)
Datasoft International LLC, United States

Senior Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
MetaCX, Indiana

Senior Front-End React/Full Stack Engineer
MetaCX, California

Sales Engineer/Senior Sales Engineer (South Central)
TigerGraph, Georgia

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
UKG (Ultimate Kronos Group), Weston, FL

PostgreSQL DBA
Meridian Technology Solutions Inc., Remote

PostgreSQL Developer
Luxoft, Remote

PostgreSQL DBA
Dynamic Placement Services, LLC, Remote

PostgreSQL DBA
VERITIS GROUP INC, Bethesda, MD

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here