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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Dgraph vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Dgraph vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Distributed and scalable native Graph DBMSTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.50
Rank#75  Overall
#13  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score1.38
Rank#145  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.71
Rank#209  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#100  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comdgraph.iovaticle.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledgraph.io/­docsdocs.vaticle.com
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Dgraph Labs, Inc.Vaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release201220162016
Current release3.9.1, April 20222.11.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++GoJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnono
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0yesSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnono infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyesno infoPlanned for future releasesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBDgraphTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
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Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
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Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
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Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
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Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
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Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
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Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
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Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
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Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
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AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
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News

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More resources
ArangoDBDgraphTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
29 August 2017, Luca Olivari (guest author)

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