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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Dgraph vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Dgraph vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Distributed and scalable native Graph DBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.92
Rank#73  Overall
#14  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score59.35
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comdgraph.ioneo4j.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledgraph.io/­docsneo4j.com/­docs
Social network pagesTwitterLinkedInFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Dgraph Labs, Inc.Neo4j, Inc.
Initial release201220162007
Current release3.9.2, June 20224.4.10, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++GoJava, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnonoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0yesyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorSynchronous replication via RaftCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesno infoPlanned for future releasesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBDgraphNeo4j
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Introducing the ArangoDB-PyG Adapter
4 August 2022

July 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
21 July 2022

What is a Graph Database?
7 July 2022

May 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
27 May 2022

April 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
29 April 2022

This Week in Neo4j: GraphQL, Low Code, Cybersecurity, Graph Refactoring, and More
13 August 2022

Neo4j Graph Framework and Project Assessment
11 August 2022

How Graphs Power OpenSanctions: The 5-Minute Interview with Friedrich Lindenberg
10 August 2022

From Collected Data to Connected Data: How Knowledge Graphs Are Changing the World
5 August 2022

Empowering Employees With Graph Technology
1 August 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ArangoDBDgraphNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
29 August 2017, Luca Olivari (guest author)

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Open source graph database company ArangoDB raises $27.8M
6 October 2021, VentureBeat

ArangoDB 3.9 scales graph database operations
16 February 2022, TechTarget

ArangoDB brings yet more money into graph database market with $27.8M round
6 October 2021, SiliconANGLE News

ArangoDB Further Powers Graph at Scale with Release of ArangoDB 3.9
15 February 2022, PR Web

Graph, machine learning, hype, and beyond: ArangoDB open source multi-model database releases version 3.7
27 August 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Popular Open Source GraphQL Company Dgraph Secures $6M in Seed Round with New Leadership
20 July 2022, PR Newswire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph launches Slash GraphQL, a GraphQL-native database Backend-as-a-Service
10 September 2020, TechCrunch

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

The origin of Neo4j
8 August 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Neo4j hosts Graph Data Summit in Bangalore
27 July 2022, Express Computer

The Power of Connected Data for a Smart Nation: Chandra Rangan, CMO, Neo4j
5 August 2022, OpenGov Asia

Announcing Neo4j GraphSummit 2022
23 June 2022, PR Newswire

Neo4j and the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) Announce the 2022 Connected Data Fellowship
18 May 2022, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

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