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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. CrateDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. IBM Cloudant vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. CrateDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. IBM Cloudant vs. MongoDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Distributed Date Store based on LuceneCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Database as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMS
Search engine
Document storeDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.55
Rank#73  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score0.97
Rank#178  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
#13  Search engines
Score9.32
Rank#52  Overall
#10  Document stores
Score3.47
Rank#95  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score478.24
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitewww.arangodb.comcrate.iofirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablecrate.io/­docsfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorecloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.CrateGoogleIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MongoDB, Inc
Initial release20122013201720102009
Current release3.9.1, April 20225.0.8, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++JavaErlangC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMhostedhostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyesnoyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes, but no triggers and constraintsnonoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
ADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIproprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functionsyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud FunctionsView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptJavaScript
Triggersnonoyes, with Cloud Functionsyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0ShardingShardingShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorselectable replication factorMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnoUsing Cloud Dataflowyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnononono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyyesno infoatomic operations within a document possibleMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by default
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlyesrights management via user accountsAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Access rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBCrateDBGoogle Cloud FirestoreIBM CloudantMongoDB
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
CrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
CrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
CrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
CrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
The CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
CrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
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