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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Couchbase vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Couchbase vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.JSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.73
Rank#62  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#9  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score29.06
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score1261.57
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.couchbase.comwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledocs.couchbase.comdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Couchbase, Inc.Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release201220111995
Current release3.6.0, January 2020Server: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20198.0.21, 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
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Implementation languageC++C, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Shardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMySQL
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Couchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Customer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Amadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Named a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
The Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
News

ArangoDB Assembles 10,000 GitHub Stargazers
20 July 2020

A Deep And Fuzzy Dive Into Search
16 July 2020

Do Graph Databases Scale? Yes? No? Let’s see!
13 July 2020

ArangoDB 3.7 BETA – Graph & Search Engine Upgrades
8 June 2020

Red Hat Certifies ArangoDB Kubernetes Operator
28 May 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ArangoDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMySQL
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