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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Couchbase vs. etcd vs. Google Cloud Firestore

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Couchbase vs. etcd vs. Google Cloud Firestore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.JSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA distributed reliable key-value storeCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document storeKey-value storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.79
Rank#75  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score27.68
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score10.32
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score8.10
Rank#54  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.couchbase.cometcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
firebase.google.com/­products/­firestore
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledocs.couchbase.cometcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
firebase.google.com/­docs/­firestore
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Couchbase, Inc.Google
Initial release201220112017
Current release3.7.9, March 2021Server: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20193.4, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageC++C, C++, Go and ErlangGo
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hosted
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes infoString, Boolean, Numbernoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nono
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functions
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolyes, watching key changesyes, with Cloud Functions
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptyesnoUsing Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseetcdGoogle Cloud Firestore
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Couchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
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Customer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
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Amadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Named a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
The Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
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More resources
ArangoDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseetcdGoogle Cloud Firestore
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Conferences and events

Couchbase ConnectONLINE 2021
Virtual Conference, 20-21 October 2021

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