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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. CockroachDB vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. CockroachDB vs. VelocityDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.CockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.34
Rank#85  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score6.82
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#395  Overall
#38  Graph DBMS
#20  Object oriented DBMS
Websitearangodb.comwww.cockroachlabs.comvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationdocs.arangodb.comwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Cockroach LabsVelocityDB Inc
Initial release201220152011
Current release3.11.5, November 202323.1.1, May 20237.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Cloud –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageC++GoC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectiondynamic schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLno
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
JDBC.Net
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnono
TriggersnonoCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0horizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-source replication using RAFT
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesRole-based access controlBased on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBCockroachDBVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
CockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Payment processing, user account management, metadata management, identity access...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Comcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, Netflix, LUSH, Bose, Shipt,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
12K+ long-running clusters 25K+ CockroachDB self-hosted clusters 75K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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More resources
ArangoDBCockroachDBVelocityDB
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
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