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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Citus vs. MaxDB vs. mSQL vs. OrigoDB

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Citus vs. MaxDB vs. mSQL vs. OrigoDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonOrigoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Scalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsmSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSA fully ACID in-memory object graph database
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.73
Rank#78  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#9  Search engines
Score1.48
Rank#140  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Score4.04
Rank#83  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score1.84
Rank#127  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#351  Overall
#49  Document stores
#19  Object oriented DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.citusdata.commaxdb.sap.comhughestech.com.au/­products/­msqlorigodb.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledocs.citusdata.commaxdb.sap.com/­documentationorigodb.com/­docs
Social network pagesFacebookLinkedInTwitterYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.SAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997Hughes TechnologiesRobert Friberg et al
Initial release20122010198419942009 infounder the name LiveDB
Current release3.7.9, March 20218.1, December 20187.9.10 (January 2020), 20204.4, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercial infofree licenses can be providedOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++CC++CC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyesyesUser defined using .NET types and collections
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynonono infocan be achieved using .NET
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersno
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
HTTP API
LINQ
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yesnoyes
Triggersnoyesyesnoyes infoDomain Events
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Shardingnonenonehorizontal partitioning infoclient side managed; servers are not synchronized
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replicationnoneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyesyesnodepending on model
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoWrite ahead log
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole based authorization
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBCitusMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DmSQL infoMini SQLOrigoDB
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
News

Introducing the ArangoDB-DGL Adapter
14 January 2022

Introducing the ArangoDB-NetworkX Adapter
14 January 2022

A Year in Review: Welcome 2022 with ArangoDB.
6 January 2022

A Guide to Putting Together a Virtual Conference
22 November 2021

October 2021: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
29 October 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ArangoDBCitusMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DmSQL infoMini SQLOrigoDB
DB-Engines blog posts

The Weight of Relational Databases: Time for Multi-Model?
29 August 2017, Luca Olivari (guest author)

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Recent citations in the news

Open source graph database company ArangoDB raises $27.8M
6 October 2021, VentureBeat

NoSQL database types explained: Graph
30 December 2021, TechTarget

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21 December 2021, TDWI

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27 August 2020, ZDNet

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The Next Evolution of the Database Sharding Architecture
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30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
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