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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Cassandra vs. Newts vs. RDF4J vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Cassandra vs. Newts vs. RDF4J vs. Sphinx

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Wide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessTime Series DBMS based on CassandraRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Wide column storeTime Series DBMSRDF storeSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.85
Rank#66  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score120.36
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.02
Rank#323  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#223  Overall
#11  RDF stores
Score7.26
Rank#48  Overall
#5  Search engines
Websitewww.arangodb.comcassandra.apache.orgopennms.github.io/­newtsrdf4j.orgsphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablecassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestgithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikidocs.rdf4j.orgsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookOpenNMS GroupSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Sphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release20122008201420042001
Current release3.6, January 20203.11.6, February 20203.1.1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++JavaJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nonoSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
HTTP REST
Java API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaJava
PHP
Python
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnonoyesno
Triggersnoyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Sharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infobased on CassandranoneSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication with configurable replication factorselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandranonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users can be defined per objectnonono
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBCassandraNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSphinx
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Apache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
No single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Apple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Cassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
Apache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
News

Public Preview of Microsoft Azure now available on ArangoDB Oasis
19 February 2020

Alpha 1 of the upcoming ArangoDB 3.7
19 February 2020

ArangoML Pipeline Cloud – Managed Machine Learning Metadata Service
30 January 2020

Massive Inserts into ArangoDB With NodeJS
9 January 2020

What’s new in ArangoDB 3.6: OneShard Deployments and Performance Improvements
8 January 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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ArangoDBCassandraNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSphinx
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