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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Cassandra vs. Dgraph

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Cassandra vs. Dgraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Wide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Wide column storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.73
Rank#78  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#9  Search engines
Score123.55
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comcassandra.apache.orgdgraph.io
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablecassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdgraph.io/­docs
Social network pagesFacebookLinkedInTwitterYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookDgraph Labs, Inc.
Initial release201220082016
Current release3.7.9, March 20214.0.1, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageC++JavaGo
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnono
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Sharding infono "single point of failure"yes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleSynchronous replication via Raft
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users can be defined per objectno infoPlanned for future releases
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBCassandraDgraph
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Apache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
No single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Horizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Apple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Cassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
Apache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
News

Introducing the ArangoDB-DGL Adapter
14 January 2022

Introducing the ArangoDB-NetworkX Adapter
14 January 2022

A Year in Review: Welcome 2022 with ArangoDB.
6 January 2022

A Guide to Putting Together a Virtual Conference
22 November 2021

October 2021: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
29 October 2021

Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ArangoDBCassandraDgraph
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