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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Wide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Wide column storeDocument storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.07
Rank#80  Overall
#14  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score116.31
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score25.30
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score177.56
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitewww.arangodb.comcassandra.apache.orgwww.couchbase.comredis.com
redis.io
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablecassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.couchbase.comdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagramLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeDiscord
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCouchbase, Inc.Redis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.
Initial release2012200820112009
Current release3.9.3, September 20224.1.0, December 2022Server: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20217.0.8, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
  • Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store, for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
  • ScaleGrid Hosting for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on a wide variety of cloud providers and On-Premises. Get advanced monitoring and automate your management through one centralized platform.
Implementation languageC++JavaC, C++, Go and ErlangC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberpartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Declarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.no
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
Triggersnoyesyes infovia the TAP protocolpublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Sharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptyesyesthrough RedisGears
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBCassandraCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseRedis
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Apache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
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Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
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No single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Couchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Customer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
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Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Apple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Amadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Cassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Named a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
Apache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
The Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Redis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» more
News

January 2023: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
13 January 2023

December 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
15 December 2022

October 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
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August 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
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August 2022: ArangoDB Cloud Monthly Newsletter
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Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for Apache Cassandra: A truly distributed database that can handle large volumes of writes.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DataStax Cassandra: Zero touch operations, configuration and management with true autoscaling
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Aiven for Redis: Store and access your data quickly and efficiently.
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Redisson PRO: The ultra-fast Redis Java Client.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

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