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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. BaseX vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. BaseX vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Light-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.MySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Native XML DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.73
Rank#62  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#9  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score1.78
Rank#129  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#302  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Score0.35
Rank#243  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.combasex.orgmemgraph.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledocs.basex.orgdocs.memgraph.comdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.BaseX GmbHDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMemgraph LtdVesoft Inc.
Initial release20122007200820172019
Current release3.6.0, January 20209.4, July 20207.2.4, September 2012
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++JavaC++C and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optionalStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashno infoXQuery supports typesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
JDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
Actionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
C
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyesno
Triggersnoyes infovia eventsno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0noneShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factornoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnoyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDmultiple readers, single writerACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPUsers, roles and permissionsRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBBaseXDrizzleMemgraphNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
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