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DBMS > Apache Pinot vs. Cassandra vs. MarkLogic

System Properties Comparison Apache Pinot vs. Cassandra vs. MarkLogic

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Pinot  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionRealtime distributed OLAP datastore, designed to answer OLAP queries with low latencyWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL database
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.73
Rank#231  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score104.59
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score7.08
Rank#56  Overall
#10  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#5  Search engines
Websitepinot.apache.orgcassandra.apache.orgwww.marklogic.com
Technical documentationdocs.pinot.apache.orgcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.marklogic.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMarkLogic Corp.
Initial release201520082001
Current release1.0.0, September 20234.1.3, July 202311.0, December 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java JDK11 or higherBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes infoSQL92
APIs and other access methodsJDBCProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
Python
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScript
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobs
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levels
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PinotCassandraMarkLogic
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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More resources
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Recent citations in the news

Real-Time Analytics for Mobile App Crashes using Apache Pinot
2 November 2023, Uber

Apache Pinot 1.0 Provides a Realtime Distributed OLAP Datastore
11 December 2023, InfoQ.com

5. The Serving Layer: Apache Pinot - Building Real-Time Analytics Systems [Book]
2 October 2023, O'Reilly Media

StarTree Announces Integration between Apache Pinot and Delta Lake with StarTree Cloud
20 June 2023, Datanami

Speed of Apache Pinot at the Cost of Cloud Object Storage with Tiered Storage
16 August 2023, InfoQ.com

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13 December 2023, VentureBeat

Microsoft extends life support for aging Apache Cassandra 3.11 database
10 October 2023, The Register

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Vector Search Is Coming to Apache Cassandra
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Progress Completes Acquisition of MarkLogic
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