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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. SurrealDB vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. SurrealDB vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonSurrealDB  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
ToroDB seems to be discontinued. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines Ranking.
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseA fully ACID transactional, developer-friendly, multi-model DBMSA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.06
Rank#123  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score1.02
Rank#190  Overall
#33  Document stores
#18  Graph DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orgsurrealdb.comgithub.com/­torodb/­server
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgsurrealdb.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationSurrealDB Ltd8Kdata
Initial release201420222016
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 2019v1.5.0, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaRustJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBCGraphQL
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Deno
Go
JavaScript (Node.js)
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Apache PhoenixSurrealDBToroDB
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