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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Spark SQL vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Spark SQL vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.42
Rank#101  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score21.90
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score3.69
Rank#95  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orgspark.apache.org/­sqlpingcap.com
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperApache Software FoundationApache Software FoundationPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201420142016
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20193.3.0 ( 2.13), June 20226.3.0, September 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaScalaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Java
Python
R
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnono
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes, utilizing Spark Corehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancynoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PhoenixSpark SQLTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Apache PhoenixSpark SQLTiDB
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