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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Realm vs. STSdb vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Realm vs. STSdb vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.20
Rank#96  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score9.80
Rank#48  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score0.08
Rank#306  Overall
#45  Key-value stores
Score3.20
Rank#97  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orgrealm.iogithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4pingcap.com
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgrealm.io/­docsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperApache Software FoundationRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019STS Soft SCPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2014201420112016
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20194.0.8, September 20155.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaC#Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
WindowsLinux
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC.NET Client APIJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C#
Java
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessarynono
Triggersnoyes infoChange Listenersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
nonenoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-Memory realmno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyyesnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PhoenixRealmSTSdbTiDB
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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PingCAP Introduces Its New Developer Tier to Boost Application Innovation with TiDB Cloud
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Apache PhoenixRealmSTSdbTiDB
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