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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. LeanXcale vs. MariaDB vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. LeanXcale vs. MariaDB vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.37
Rank#104  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.30
Rank#296  Overall
#42  Key-value stores
#136  Relational DBMS
Score109.31
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score22.58
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orgwww.leanxcale.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
spark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationLeanXcaleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Apache Software Foundation
Initial release201420152009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 19952014
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 201910.9.3, September 20223.3.0 ( 2.13), June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infothrough Apache Derbyyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
Java
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardingyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PhoenixLeanXcaleMariaDBSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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More resources
Apache PhoenixLeanXcaleMariaDBSpark SQL
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