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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. LMDB vs. MariaDB vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. LMDB vs. MariaDB vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonLMDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseA high performant, light-weight, embedded key-value database libraryMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.01
Rank#103  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score2.44
Rank#117  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score111.13
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score22.86
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orgwww.symas.com/­symas-embedded-database-lmdbmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
spark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationSymasMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Apache Software Foundation
Initial release201420112009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 19952014
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20190.9.29, March 202110.7.2, February 20223.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaCC and C++Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
CAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardingyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancynofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PhoenixLMDBMariaDBSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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More resources
Apache PhoenixLMDBMariaDBSpark SQL
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