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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. HarperDB vs. TiDB vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. HarperDB vs. TiDB vs. Transbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonHarperDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseUltra-low latency distributed database with an intuitive REST API supporting NoSQL and SQL (including joins). Deployment of functions and databases simultaneously with a consolidated node-level architecture.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.A resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.16
Rank#103  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.45
Rank#252  Overall
#39  Document stores
Score3.73
Rank#94  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score0.10
Rank#327  Overall
#147  Relational DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orgharperdb.iopingcap.comwww.transaction.de/­en/­products/­transbase.html
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgharperdb.io/­developers/­documentation/­overviewdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stablewww.transaction.de/­en/­products/­transbase/­features.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationHarperDBPingCAP, Inc.Transaction Software GmbH
Initial release2014201720161987
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20193.1, August 20215.4.2, June 2022Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial infofree community edition availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaNode.jsGo, RustC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
LinuxFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesdynamic schemayesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON data typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like data manipulation statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
React Hooks
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
WebSocket
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
MatLab
Objective C
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsCustom Functions infosince release 3.1noyes
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingA table resides as a whole on one (or more) nodes in a clusterhorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infothe nodes on which a table resides can be definedUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationnoyes infowith TiSpark Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntaxyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic execution of specific operationsACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, using LMDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PhoenixHarperDBTiDBTransbase
Specific characteristicsHarperDB is the first distributed database with hybrid SQL & NoSQL functionality...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesBy combining the functionality of the best SQL, NoSQL, and NewSQL products on the...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosUse cases where HarperDB is a better fit than other solutions include: Rapid app...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersA few highlighted customers include: US Army, US Airforce, Chelan PUD, TATA, & Lumen....
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsOver 94K total HarperDB users : 16,500+ npm downloads 73,600+ on Docker Hub 4,200+...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHarperDB follows a freemium/premium model . A data base is only as powerful as it...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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More resources
Apache PhoenixHarperDBTiDBTransbase
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