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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Hazelcast vs. HBase

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Hazelcast vs. HBase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseA widely adopted in-memory data gridWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTable
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeWide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.06
Rank#123  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score5.46
Rank#61  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score27.97
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Websitephoenix.apache.orghazelcast.comhbase.apache.org
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orghazelcast.org/­imdg/­docshbase.apache.org/­book.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationHazelcastApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Powerset
Initial release201420082008
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20195.3.6, November 20232.3.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptions to bring your own types, AVRO
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyno
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesyes infoCoprocessors in Java
Triggersnoyes infoEventsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoReplicated MapMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyRole-based access controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC

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More resources
Apache PhoenixHazelcastHBase
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