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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Greenplum vs. Postgres-XL vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Greenplum vs. Postgres-XL vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresCloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.37
Rank#104  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score12.51
Rank#46  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#212  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Score19.85
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orggreenplum.orgwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgdocs.greenplum.orgwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationvertica.com/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software FoundationPivotal Software Inc.Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release201420052014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2005
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20196.7.1, April 202010 R1, October 201811.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla public licensecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Vertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageJavaCC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
LinuxLinux
macOS
Linux
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyesyesyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infosince Version 4.2yes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infodistributed, parallel query executionFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyesuser defined functionsyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersnoyesyesyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationMulti-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationyesnono infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PhoenixGreenplumPostgres-XLVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsDeploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
» more
Competitive advantagesFast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
» more
Typical application scenariosCommunication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersAbiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
» more

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More resources
Apache PhoenixGreenplumPostgres-XLVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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