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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Firebird vs. LMDB vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Firebird vs. LMDB vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonLMDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseA high performant, light-weight, embedded key-value database librarySpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.01
Rank#103  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score25.72
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score2.44
Rank#117  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score22.86
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orgwww.firebirdsql.orgwww.symas.com/­symas-embedded-database-lmdbspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationFirebird FoundationSymasApache Software Foundation
Initial release20142000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase20112014
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20194.0.1, December 20210.9.29, March 20213.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++CScala
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesnoSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
CJava
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsPSQLnono
Triggersnoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none infoavailable via 3rd party productsnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptnono

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More resources
Apache PhoenixFirebirdLMDBSpark SQL
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