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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Elasticsearch vs. NebulaGraph vs. VictoriaMetrics

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Elasticsearch vs. NebulaGraph vs. VictoriaMetrics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparisonVictoriaMetrics  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSA fast, cost-effective and scalable Time Series DBMS and monitoring solution
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineGraph DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.42
Rank#101  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score150.32
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score1.26
Rank#181  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
Score0.98
Rank#207  Overall
#15  Time Series DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
victoriametrics.com
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.nebula-graph.iodocs.victoriametrics.com
github.com/­VictoriaMetrics/­VictoriaMetrics/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software FoundationElasticVesoft Inc.VictoriaMetrics
Initial release2014201020192018
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20197.8.0, June 2020v1.83, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++Go
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
OpenBSD
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Graphite protocol
InfluxDB Line Protocol
OpenTSDB
Prometheus Query API
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyesno
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSynchronous replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesMemcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PhoenixElasticsearchNebulaGraphVictoriaMetrics
Specific characteristicsNebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
High performance, horizontally scalable time series database and monitoring solution...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Specifically designed for highly loaded workloads Addresses most of the scalability...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
When the current monitoring solution can't keep up with increasing workload Kubernetes...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Grammarly, Wix.com, adidas, Sensedia, Brandwatch, CERN, COLOPL, Razorpay See our...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
6k stars and 100+ contributors on GitHub 45M+ downloads Thousands of active users...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
VictoriaMetrics comes in three versions: an open source version, an Enterprise version...
» more

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More resources
Apache PhoenixElasticsearchNebulaGraphVictoriaMetrics
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