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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Elasticsearch vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Elasticsearch vs. Nebula Graph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.01
Rank#103  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score157.69
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score1.10
Rank#169  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperApache Software FoundationElasticVesoft Inc.
Initial release201420102019
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20197.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' feature
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PhoenixElasticsearchNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Apache PhoenixElasticsearchNebula Graph
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Recent citations in the news

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28 March 2022, iProgrammer

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20 July 2018, iProgrammer

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13 May 2022, The CyberWire

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29 June 2020, KMWorld Magazine

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