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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Elasticsearch vs. Hive

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Elasticsearch vs. Hive

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on Hadoop
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.10
Rank#131  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Score134.79
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score64.82
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchhive.apache.org
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Home
DeveloperApache Software FoundationElasticApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by Facebook
Initial release201420102012
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20198.6, January 20233.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationES-Hadoop Connectoryes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyAccess rights for users, groups and roles

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Apache PhoenixElasticsearchHive
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