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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engine
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.02
Rank#130  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Score134.78
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.62
Rank#240  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
#35  Key-value stores
Websitephoenix.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.graphengine.io
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manual
DeveloperApache Software FoundationElasticMicrosoft
Initial release201420102010
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20198.6, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava.NET and C
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java VM.NET
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyesyes
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationES-Hadoop Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storage
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancy

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More resources
Apache PhoenixElasticsearchGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity
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Recent citations in the news

Supercharge SQL on Your Data in Apache HBase with Apache Phoenix | Amazon Web Services
2 June 2016, AWS Blog

Bridge the SQL-NoSQL gap with Apache Phoenix
4 February 2016, InfoWorld

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22 December 2022, Built In

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18 April 2019, eWeek

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