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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Couchbase vs. HBase

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Couchbase vs. HBase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseA distributed document store with integrated cache, a powerful search engine, in-built operational and analytical capabilities, and an embedded mobile databaseWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTable
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeWide column store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.06
Rank#123  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score16.59
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score27.97
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Websitephoenix.apache.orgwww.couchbase.comhbase.apache.org
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgdocs.couchbase.comhbase.apache.org/­book.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Powerset
Initial release201420112008
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 2019Server: 7.2, June 2023; Mobile: 3.1, March 2022; Couchbase Capella (DBaaS), June 20232.3.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoBusiness Source License (BSL 1.1); Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC, C++, Go and ErlangJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptions to bring your own types, AVRO
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL++, extends ANSI SQL to JSON for operational, transactional, and analytic use casesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCCLI Client
HTTP REST
Kafka Connector
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs
Spark Connector
Spring Data
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Kotlin
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsFunctions and timers in JavaScript and UDFs in Java, Python, SQL++yes infoCoprocessors in Java
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingAutomatic ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authentication. Role-base access control.Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC

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More resources
Apache PhoenixCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseHBase
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