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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.61
Rank#92  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score17.41
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score16.26
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Websitephoenix.apache.orgcouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-database
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­database
DeveloperApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014
Initial release201420052012
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20193.0, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaErlang
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnono
APIs and other access methodsJDBCRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'
TriggersnoyesCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rules

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More resources
Apache PhoenixCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime Database
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