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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Citus vs. Rockset

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Citus vs. Rockset

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonRockset  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLA scalable, reliable search and analytics service in the cloud, built on RocksDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeRelational DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.11
Rank#95  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score1.48
Rank#139  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Score0.63
Rank#221  Overall
#34  Document stores
Websitephoenix.apache.orgwww.citusdata.comrockset.com
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgdocs.citusdata.comdocs.rockset.com
DeveloperApache Software FoundationRockset
Initial release201420102019
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20198.1, December 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaCC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
Linuxhosted
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesdynamic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityno infoingestion from XML files supported
Secondary indexesyesyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsRead-only SQL queries, including JOINs
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP REST
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingAutomatic sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and organizations can be defined via Rockset console

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More resources
Apache PhoenixCitusRockset
DB-Engines blog posts

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11 August 2021,  Krishna Maheshwari (sponsor) 

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Recent citations in the news

Apache Phoenix Now HBase 2.0 Compatible
20 July 2018, iProgrammer

HPE gobbles up Ampool to add SQL grunt to Ezmeral
9 July 2021, The Register

Developing Python Applications Against Apache Phoenix (HBase)
30 September 2016, DZone News

Apache Calcite, FreeMarker, Gora, Phoenix, and Solr updated
27 March 2017, SDTimes.com

The Apache Software Foundation Announces the 10th Anniversary of Apache® HBase
13 May 2020, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Testing times: Microsoft gets PostgreSQL on Azure a day after GA
4 October 2021, The Register

PostgreSQL 14 Is Here - A Look At Its Past And Future
1 October 2021, iProgrammer

How to Use Citus to Shard Postgres, for Performance & Scale - Microsoft
16 September 2021, Channel 9

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
24 January 2019, VentureBeat

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

provided by Google News

Rockset Enhances Real-Time Analytics Database With Enterprise-Grade Security And Compliance
29 September 2021, GlobeNewswire

Seesaw and Rockset team up to provide data insight, stability for US schools
22 September 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Did Rockset Just Solve Real-Time Analytics?
25 August 2021, Datanami

Rockset hopes to lessen streaming analytics time-suck by having SQL transform live data
27 August 2021, The Register

insideBIGDATA Latest News – 10/4/2021
5 October 2021, insideBIGDATA

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