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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Citus vs. Redis vs. Rockset

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Citus vs. Redis vs. Rockset

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonRockset  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.A scalable, reliable search and analytics service in the cloud, built on RocksDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Relational DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.06
Rank#97  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score1.48
Rank#141  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Score171.94
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score0.56
Rank#229  Overall
#35  Document stores
Websitephoenix.apache.orgwww.citusdata.comredis.com
redis.io
rockset.com
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgdocs.citusdata.comdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
docs.rockset.com
DeveloperApache Software FoundationRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsRockset
Initial release2014201020092019
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20198.1, December 20186.2.5, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprisecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
  • ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaCCC++
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
LinuxBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
hosted
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesdynamic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono infoingestion from XML files supported
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoRead-only SQL queries, including JOINs
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolHTTP REST
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Lua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)no
Triggersnoyespublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardingAutomatic sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationnothrough RedisGearsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
Access rights for users and organizations can be defined via Rockset console
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PhoenixCitusRedisRockset
Specific characteristicsThe Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
» more
Competitive advantagesRedis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
» more
Typical application scenariosRedis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
» more
Key customersVerizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsMost launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRedis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» more

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More resources
Apache PhoenixCitusRedisRockset
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Recent citations in the news

Apache Phoenix Now HBase 2.0 Compatible
20 July 2018, iProgrammer

HPE gobbles up Ampool to add SQL grunt to Ezmeral
9 July 2021, The Register

Developing Python Applications Against Apache Phoenix (HBase)
30 September 2016, DZone News

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How to Use Citus to Shard Postgres, for Performance & Scale - Microsoft
16 September 2021, Channel 9

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
24 January 2019, VentureBeat

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

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14 September 2021, Security Boulevard

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14 September 2021, SiliconANGLE News

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10 September 2021, JAXenter

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25 August 2021, Datanami

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