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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Citus vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Citus vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.11
Rank#95  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score1.48
Rank#139  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Score171.35
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitephoenix.apache.orgwww.citusdata.comredis.com
redis.io
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgdocs.citusdata.comdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software FoundationRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release201420102009
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20198.1, December 20186.2.5, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
  • ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaCC
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
LinuxBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Lua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
Triggersnoyespublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationnothrough RedisGears
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PhoenixCitusRedis
Specific characteristicsThe Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
» more
Competitive advantagesRedis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
» more
Typical application scenariosRedis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
» more
Key customersVerizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsMost launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRedis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» more

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More resources
Apache PhoenixCitusRedis
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Recent citations in the news

Apache Phoenix Now HBase 2.0 Compatible
20 July 2018, iProgrammer

HPE gobbles up Ampool to add SQL grunt to Ezmeral
9 July 2021, The Register

Developing Python Applications Against Apache Phoenix (HBase)
30 September 2016, DZone News

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16 September 2021, Channel 9

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
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Microsoft Expands Azure PostgreSQL Moxy Through Citus Data Purchase
30 January 2019, Data Center Knowledge

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