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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Cassandra vs. Geode

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Cassandra vs. Geode

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGeode  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processes
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.01
Rank#103  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score118.01
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.77
Rank#134  Overall
#26  Key-value stores
Websitephoenix.apache.orgcassandra.apache.orggeode.apache.org
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestgeode.apache.org/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.
Initial release201420082002
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20194.0.4, May 20221.1, February 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as Gemfire
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also required
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (OQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBCProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnouser defined functions
Triggersnoyesyes infoCache Event Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsyes, on a single node
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights per client and object definable
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PhoenixCassandraGeode
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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Recent citations in the news

Apache Drill Adds New Data Formats
28 March 2022, iProgrammer

Apache Phoenix Now HBase 2.0 Compatible
20 July 2018, iProgrammer

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